The Party of the European Left at its General Assembly zoom meeting on October 11, 2020, was briefed by the representatives of AKEL, BKP and YKP of very alarming developments in Cyprus.
On October 8, 2020, Turkey proceeded to the illegal action of opening the coast of the fenced-off area of Famagusta (Varosha); an area that has remained closed for 46 years since the Turkish occupation. This constitutes a violation of the relevant UN Security Council Resolutions (in particular 550/1984 and 789/1992), as well as of relevant European Parliament resolutions, and of international law.
It has been stressed that UN Security Council Resolution 550/1984, considers unacceptable the attempts of settling any part of Varosha by individuals other than its lawful inhabitants and calls for the transferring of this area under the UN administration, while Resolution 789/1992 proposes as a confidence building measure the transferring of Varosha under UN administration. Furthermore, the UN position is that maintaining the status quo in Varosha, which is currently being altered, is the exclusive responsibility of the Turkish government.
We condemn Turkey’s actions that aim at the illegal settlement of Varosha and undermine the perspective of a comprehensive solution to the Cyprus problem.
We denounce unequivocally every attempt to consolidate the divisive fait accomplis against the Republic of Cyprus and the reunification of our people.
We support that the only way ahead is the resumption of meaningful negotiations under the auspices of the UN Secretary-General aiming at a comprehensive solution of the Cyprus problem, according to the UN Resolutions, in respect of international law and European aquis.
We reiterate our support to the Cypriot people, Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, in reaching an agreement reunifying Cyprus and its people under a bizonal bicommunal federation, with political equality as prescribed by the relevant UN Security Council resolutions, providing for the termination of the anachronistic regime of foreign guarantors, for the demilitarisation of the Republic of Cyprus, and safeguarding the human rights and freedoms of all Cypriots.
An agreed solution of the Cyprus problem will contribute positively to solving the problems in the Eastern Mediterranean and the turbulent Middle East region; it will convert Cyprus into a bridge of peace between Europe and the region.
We will remain seized of the situation.
We reiterate our solidarity with the forces in Cyprus struggling to avert division and achieve reunification and peace.